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HTML is the abbreviation for Hyper-Text Markup Language. HTML text is normal (e.g. ASCII) plaintext but with certain parts of the text marked up to denote special formatting or layout or other properties, or to link it with other texts (hence the term hyper-text). A browser uses this information to render the text accordingly (for example with portions in bold or italics).

The actual visual appearance may vary with the browser used. In fact, perhaps no visual image in the usual sense is produced at all: think of speech sythesizers, braille devices or of an artificial intelligence like a search engine reading the text.

When making the HTML version of an e-text, the markup needs to strictly conform to the specifications. This may be validated by using an online validating tool. There are many browser programs in use, and each one renders HTML slightly differently on the screen. Do not depend on your one favorite browser; preview your e-text in at least two, preferably several, before finalizing it.

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