Periodicals/Notes and Queries

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Harvesting 1829 to 1869 from the Internet Library of Early Journals[1].

If any scans are illegible, decent scans of several of these volumes can be found at Google Books. Check here.

puppernutter is PM for these.


Most proofing issues can be addressed using the standard Guidelines

  • Inverted asterism: Mark the small triangle of asterisks as [asterism].


  • The <tb> markup should divide all articles.
  • Major articles or sections should have two blank lines between the <tb> and the title.
  • Author credit at article end should be moved to separate line.
Article end....


Index Format

Standardized format for index issues:

Please note deviations from guidelines - do not skip a line between entries and do not indent subentries by two spaces.

Augustine on epigram on a statue of a French king, 89.
Aurorae, Farquharson's observations on, 441.
Authors and books, No. 7., 6.
Automachia, or the self-conflict of a Christian, 392.
Avidius varus, 391.
"Away, let nought to love displeasing," 519.
A.(W.) on the Rolliad, 439.
A.(X.Y.) Folklore, 101.


B. on Book of Homilies, 89.
---- on collar of SS., 89.
---- on derivation of "Yoto" or "Yeot," 89.
Bacon Family, origin of the name, 247. 347. 470.
----, to save one's 424.
Bacon's Advancement of Learning, 465.
---- (Lord) palaces and garden, 72.
Badger's legs, 12.
B.(A.E.) on derivation of news, 127.
---- on "Antiquitas culi juventus mundi," 395.
---- on Latin epigram, "Laus tua", 78.
---- on the meaning of version, 428.
---- on the disputed passage from the Tempest, 389.
---- on news and noise, 94.
Bailie Nicol Jarvie, 421. 461.
Baker's dozen, 298.
Baker's MSS., extracts from, 193.

Editorial Notes

We frequently find editorial notes before or after articles, giving more information about the context of the query or answer. They are distinguished from the surrounding text by being enclosed within []'s. Mark with /# #/.


  • Create an HTML version as well as a text version of the text.
  • Follow the templates laid down below for both versions.

Note that the guidelines below are basically identical to those for Punch and The Mirror of Literature, with small adaptations.

Here is a posted issue of Notes and Queries. We will be using this as the template for future issues. The guidelines below are a little wordy -- the formatting is actually very simple, as you can see if you look at the example issue.

GutCutter, part of the GutWrench suite of PPing software tools, offers special help for PPing issues of Notes and Queries.

General guidelines

The six-monthly Notes and Queries volumes have been split into the individual weekly issues as projects (although later volumes may only be split into months, in which case the PPer will have 4 weekly issues to prepare and submit). Illustrations are rare, but languages other than English are very common, with non-Latin languages appearing from time to time.

It took time for Notes And Queries to develop a consistent style, so you may have to be a little flexible about formatting.


The text should start:



       *       *       *       *       *

"When found, make a note of."--CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

       *       *       *       *       *

No. ***ISSUE***.]
[Price Threepence. Stamped Edition 4d.

Make the appropriate changes to reflect the evolution in the masthead across the many years of the publication which we will process.

  • Block quotes should be offset four spaces from both margins.
  • Poetry should be indented two spaces.
    • Long lines of poetry which need to be wrapped should have the wrapped component indented ten spaces.
    • The poetry indentation should reflect the indentation in the original text, preferably using indents which are multiples of two spaces.
  • The five * horizontal rule should divide all articles.
    • Major articles or sections should have two blank lines between the *'s and the title.

Footnote tags look like this:

In the Reverend Joseph Hunter's valuable treatise upon _English Monastic
Libraries_[2] occurs a notice of an indenture executed in A.D. 1343,

(no space before, space after). The footnote itself should follow at the end of the paragraph or article, indented as for a blockquote. Example:

[2] London, 1831. quarto. See also a Paper by Mr. Halliwell in
the _Archæologia_, xxvii. p. 455., and Sir Francis Palgrave's
Introduction to _Documents and Records illustrating the History
of Scotland_, pp. xcvi.--cxvi., for extracts from the
historical chronicles preserved in the monasteries, &c.

Record the page boundaries in the text edition as well, by placing the new page number surrounded by {}'s in the first convenient place following the start of the new page. For example:

stores. Both are executed with all the legal forms used in the most
important transactions, which would support the opinion of their not {23}
being special instances: but they are, in either case, curious and


XHTML 1.0 template and style rules:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"

<html xmlns="" lang='en' xml:lang='en' >
  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1" /> 
  <title>Notes And Queries, Issue XX.</title>
  <style type="text/css">
  body                    {margin-left: 10%; margin-right: 10%;}
  p                       {text-align: justify;}
  blockquote              {text-align: justify;}
  h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6       {text-align: center;}
  pre                     {font-size: 0.7em;}

  hr                      {text-align: center; width: 50%;}
  html>body hr            {margin-right: 25%; margin-left: 25%; width: 50%;}
  hr.full                 {width: 100%;}
  html>body hr.full       {margin-right: 0%; margin-left: 0%; width: 100%;}
  hr.adverts              {width: 100%; height: 5px; color: black;}
  html>body hr.adverts    {margin-right: 0%; margin-left: 0%; width: 100%;}

  .note, .footnote        {margin-left: 10%; margin-right: 10%;
                          font-size: 0.9em;}

  .poem                   {margin-left:10%; margin-right:10%;
                          text-align: left;}
  .poem .stanza           {margin: 1em 0em 1em 0em;}
  .poem p                 {margin: 0; padding-left: 3em; text-indent: -3em;}
  .poem p.i2              {margin-left: 2em;}
  .poem p.i4              {margin-left: 4em;}
  .poem p.i6              {margin-left: 6em;}
  .poem .caesura          {vertical-align: -200%;}

  span.pagenum            {position: absolute; left: 1%; right: 91%;
                          font-size: 8pt;}                {text-align: right;}

  <span class="pagenum"><a id="pageXX" name="pageXX"></a>{XX}</span>


  <hr />

  <h3><b>"When found, make a note of."</b>—CAPTAIN CUTTLE.</h3>
  <hr class="full" />

  <table summary='masthead' width='100%'>
      <td align="left" width="25%"><b>No. XX.</b></td>
      <td align="center" width="50%"><b>XXXX, XXXX XX, XXXX.</b></td>

      <td align="right" width="25%"><b>Price Threepence.<br />Stamped Edition
  <hr class="full" />

... the text ...

Page Breaks:

We record all page breaks (except that we don't record purely blank pages). We use

<span class="pagenum"><a name="pageNUM" id="pageNUM"></a>{NUM}</span>

where NUM is replaced with the page number. This is the page number, not the number of the page image, so the first page could easily be page 200. You'll need to check the page images to know the numbers to use. Example from the sample issue above:

 part of the seventeenth century, occur on the fly-leaf of a copy of the
  <span class="pagenum"><a id="page28" name="page28"></a>{28}</span>
  <i>Translation of Luther on the Galatians</i>, edit. London, 4to. 1577. Can


Major article headers & new sections should be


Minor article headers (once they appear) should be



The standard rule

<hr />

should be used for everything except between sections, where you should use

<hr class="full" />

and between the main body of the periodical and the adverts, where you should use

<hr class="adverts" />




See also Editorial notes below.


Footnote tags should be marked up as:

<a id="footnotetag**" name="footnotetag**"></a><a href="#footnote**"><sup>**</sup></a>

where ** is replaced with the footnote number (footnotes should be numbered from 1 upwards). An individual footnote looks like this:

  <blockquote class="footnote">
    <a id="footnote**" name="footnote**"></a> <b>Footnote **</b>: <a href=

    <p>***FOOTNOTE TEXT***</p>

The actual footnotes should either go at the end of a major query/answer, or in a block at the end of the text (Discussion: any strong preferences either way?), before the printing line, so the end of the text looks like this, in general:

  <hr class="full" />
    ***FOOTNOTE 1***
    ***FOOTNOTE 2***
  <hr class="full" />


(note that the printing line appears in several different forms. You should, of course, use the form which appears in your particular issue).


In order to correctly style poetry, we have to use a fairly verbose markup. Here is an example of it in use:

  <div class="poem">
    <div class="stanza">
      <p>Two lovely ladies dwell at ——,</p>
      <p class="i2">And each a-churching goes;</p>
      <p>Emma goes there <i>to close her eyes</i>,</p>
      <p class="i2">And Jane to <i>eye her clothes</i>.</p>

So, we mark poems and stanzas with divs, and individual lines of a stanza with <p>s. We don't use &nbsp; for indentation... instead we use CSS classes. 'i2' here stands for 'indent two spaces'. The corresponding definition in the header is:

.poem p.i2           {margin-left: 1em;}
.poem p.i4           {margin-left: 2em;}
.poem p.i6           {margin-left: 3em;}

This will be sufficient for most normal poems which only have one level of indentation. If you are marking up a poem which has other levels of indentation, you'll have to create extra indentation classes which have appropriate margins.


Illustrations are very rare in Notes & Queries, so I've not included the tags to handle them in the general template. In the rare cases where they do appear, you should follow the guidelines given in the instructions for the Mirror of Literature.

Author lines:

The queries and answers are often ended by a right-justified line giving the name or pseudonym of the author. This should be styled as follows:

<p class="author">**NAME**</p>

Editorial Notes:

We frequently find editorial notes after articles, giving more information about the context of the query or answer. They are distinguished from the surrounding text by being enclosed within []'s. We style these notes by keeping the []'s, and also by putting them in the 'notes' class. If the note is a single paragraph, the easiest thing to do is to style the paragraph:

<p class="note">[Mr. Thoms' Query in this case should have been limited to
the <i>straw necklaces</i>, as Mr. Nichols has already explained the
<i>serpents' eggs</i>; but our Correspondent's letter is so satisfactory on
both points that we insert it entire.]</p>

In a more complicated case, you should surround the note material by

<div class="note">

See the example issue for an example of this.


These perhaps should be on a separate page since it's rather large.



Decent scans of this entire volume are available at googlebooks [2]


Alternative, decent scans of this volume are available at googlebooks: [3]






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