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Scouting, also known as the Scout Movement, is a worldwide youth movement with the stated aim of supporting young people in their physical, mental and spiritual development, that they may play constructive roles in society. Scouting began in 1907 when Robert Baden-Powell, Lieutenant General in the British Army, held the first Scouting encampment at Brownsea Island in England. Baden-Powell wrote the principles of Scouting in Scouting for Boys (London, 1908), based on his earlier military books, with influence and support of Frederick Russell Burnham (Chief of Scouts in British Africa), Ernest Thompson Seton of the Woodcraft Indians, William Alexander Smith of the Boys' Brigade, and his publisher Pearson. During the first half of the 20th century, the movement grew to encompass three major age groups each for boys (Cub Scout, Boy Scout, Rover Scout) and, in 1910, a new organization, Girl Guides, was created for girls (Brownie Guide, Girl Guide and Girl Scout, Ranger Guide). The movement employs the Scout method, a program of informal education with an emphasis on practical outdoor activities, including camping, woodcraft, aquatics, hiking, backpacking, and sports. Another widely recognized movement characteristic is the Scout uniform, by intent hiding all differences of social standing in a country and making for equality, with neckerchief and campaign hat or comparable headwear. Distinctive uniform insignia include the fleur-de-lis and the trefoil, as well as merit badges and other patches.

- from Wikipedia

Baron Baden-Powell of Gilwell, Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell 1857-1941

Boy Scouts

Girl Scouts


  • [1] Hero of Mafeking
  • [2] Diary of a seige
  • [3] BadenPowell of Mafeking
  • [4] Memories of India
  • [5] The boy scout song leader's manual ([c1922])
  • [6] Handbook for Scout Masters: Boy Scouts of America (1913)
  • [7] The Boy Scout's Hike Book: The First of a Series of Handy Volumes of ... (1913)
  • [8] The boy's camp book; a guidebook based upon the annual encampment of a boy scout troop; the second of a series of handy volumes of information and inspiration (1914)
  • [9] Indian scout talks; a guide for Boy scouts and Campfire girls (1914)
  • [10] Scoutmastership, a handbook for scoutmasters on the theory of scout training (1920)
  • [11] Boy scouts of America : a handbook of woodcraft scouting, and life-craft (1910)
  • [12] Rovering to success : a book of life-sport for young men (1922)