Authors' Birthdays/August

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Contents:
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th
16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th 31st


1st

  • Richard Henry Dana (1815;d.1882): U.S. writer of Two Years Before the Mast
  • Herman Melville (1819): American writer
  • Anne Hébert (1916;): French-Canadian novelist, poet, playwright, and short-story writer, noted for her examination of the Quebeçois; London-born Australian paperback writer Carter Brown (1923) aka Allan Geoffrey Yates and Caroline Farr, who wrote 150 crime stories, all set in the U.S; poet Walter Griffin (1937), born in Delaware; Brooklyn-born poet Hugh Seidman (1940; a poem by Seidman)
  • Amy Friedman (1952): Cleveland native, now living in Canada, novelist and journalist, author of Kick the Dog and Shoot the Cat and others
  • Madison Smartt Bell (1957): Nashville native and novelist and short-story writer

2nd

  • Ernest [Christopher] Dowson (1867; d.1900): English poet, influenced by Latin erotic poetry and French aesthetes
  • Irving Babbitt (1869): Ohio-born critic, teacher, leader of the New Humanism movement
  • Ethel M. Dell (1881-1939), English romance novelist
  • Romulo Gallegos (1884-1969): Venezuelan novelist and president
  • John Kieran (1892), columnist and author of a natural history of NYC
  • James (Arthur) Baldwin (1924): Harlem-born novelist, playwright, and essayist, whose first novel was Go Tell It On the Mountain (1953)
  • Stephen Sandy (1934): Minneapolis-born poet, Bennington College professor
  • Mitchell Smith (1935): U.S. writer of thrillers and westerns
  • Isabel Allende (1942): Peruvian writer
  • Beverly Coyle (1946): Miami-born novelist
  • Bei Dao (1949): Beijing-born poet, aka Zhao Zhengkai, one of the few Chinese writers to have an international audience.

3rd

  • Rupert Brooke (1887; d.1915): English WWI poet
  • Ernie Pyle (1900): Indiana-born war correspondent
  • P[hyllis] D[orothy] James (1920): British mystery writer
  • Hayden Carruth (1921): Connecticut-born poet, critic, and novelist
  • Leon Uris (1924; Exodus, QBVII): U.S. novelist, born Baltimore
  • Annette Sanford (1929): Romance novelist, born in Texas, whose pen names include Mary Carroll, Meg Dominique, Lisa St. John, and others
  • Marvin Bell (1937): NYC-born poet (Iowa Poet Laureate)
  • Diane Wakoski (1937): poet born in Whittier, California
  • Walter Kirn (1962): Ohio native, writer and literary reviewer


4th

  • Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792): Romantic English poet
  • William Henry Hudson (1841; d.1922): English naturalist and novelist (born Argentina of American parents), best known for Green Mansions (1904), a romantic novel set in Venezuela
  • Knut Hamsun (1859; d.1952): Norwegian author and 1920 Nobel literature prize winner, born Knut Pedersen, best known for realistic rural novel Growth of the Soil (1917)
  • Robert Hayden (1913; d.1980): Detroit poet, born Asa Bundy Sheffey
  • Assia Djebar (1936): Algerian (now lives U.S.) novelist, translator, poet, playwright, short-story writer, and filmmaker, aka Fatima-Zohra Imalayen.


5th

  • Conrad Aiken (Aug. 5, 1899 - 1973): American poet (Pulitzer 1930)
  • Guy de Maupassant (1850): French short story writer
  • Per Wahlöö (1926): Swedish writer and journalist, who with his wife Maj Sjöwall created the detective character Martin Beck
  • Wendell Berry (1934): Kentucky-born rural conservationist and poet


6th

  • Francois Fenelon (1651): French writer
  • Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809): English poet
  • Paul (Louis Charles Marie) Claudel (1868; d.1955): French poet, playwright, essayist, and diplomat, whose conversion to Catholicism in 1890 became an important element in his writing
  • Scott Nearing (1883): pacifist and author of many books on economics
  • Norma Farber (1909): Children's author, born in Boston, best known for As I Was Crossing the Boston Common, a 1976 National Book Award winner
  • Janet Asimov (1926): Pennsylvania native, science columnist, and children's sci-fi writer
  • Piers Anthony (1934): British-born, American sci-fi/fantasy writer, author of the Xanth series


7th

  • Georg Stiernhielm (1598): The Father of Swedish poetry
  • Laurence Eigner (1927): prolific Massachusetts-born poet and short story writer
  • Ann Beattie (1947): Washington, D.C. born novelist and short story writer


8th

  • Sara Teasdale (1884): U.S. poet
  • Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (1896): U.S. writer, author of The Yearling
  • Valerie Sayers (1952): South Carolinian comic novelist
  • Elizabeth Ann Tallent (1954): Washington, D.C. native and short-story writer/novelist


9th

  • Izaak Walton (1593): Compleat Angler writer
  • John Dryden (1631; d.1700): England's first poet laureate, also dramatist and man of letters
  • Philip Larkin (1922): English writer
  • Jonathan Kellerman (1949): NYC-born mystery writer and creator of Dr. Alex Delaware,
  • Jeanne Larsen (1950): novelist, born Washington, D.C., whose novels take place in historical China


10th

  • Lawrence Binyon (1869): Austrian poet and playwright
  • Witter Bynner (1881): Brooklyn-born poet, playwright, and translator
  • Jorge Amado (1912-2001): Brazilian writer


11th

  • Charlotte Mary Yonge (1823): English writer
  • Hugh MacDiarmid (born Christopher Murray Grieve) (1892): Scottish poet
  • Louise Bogan (1897): Maine writer and poet
  • Enid Blyton (1897; d.1968): prolific British children's writer
  • Sir Angus Wilson (1913): English writer
  • Alex (Murray Palmer) Haley (1921): New York-born biographer, scriptwriter, and novelist (Roots)
  • Carl (Thomas) Rowan (1925): Tennessee-raised African American journalist, public affairs commentator, and biographer
  • Andre Dubus (1936): Louisiana-born short story writer


12th

  • Robert Southey (1774): English poet and biographer
  • Katharine Lee Bates (1859): The author of America the Beautiful
  • Jacinto Benavente y Martinez (1866): Spanish dramatist and 1922 Nobel prize winner
  • Edith Hamilton (1867): U.S. mythology writer
  • Mary Roberts Rinehart (1876): U.S. mystery writer, author of The Circular Staircase
  • Frank Swinnerton (1884): English novelist and literary critic
  • Zerna Sharp (1889): born in Indiana and the creator of the Dick and Jane readers for children
  • Wallace Markfield (1926; d. 23 May 2002): Brooklyn-born satirical novelist
  • William Goldman (1931): Chicago native, novelist and screenwriter, who wrote Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
  • Walter Dean Myers (1937): West Virginia native (raised Harlem), African American young adult novelist and picture book writer, who received a Newbery Honor Award for his book Scorpions (1988)
  • Gail Parent (1940): NYC-born writer, author of Sheila Levine Is Dead and Living in New York (1972) and a comedy writer for "The Mary Tyler Moore Show"
  • J.D. McClatchy (1945): Pennsylvania-born poet and essayist


13th

  • Nikolaus Lenau (1802; d.1850): Hungarian/German/Austrian poet, born Nikolaus Niembsch von Strehlenau


14th

  • Letitia Elizabeth Landon (1802): English poet and novelist
  • Ernest T. Seton (1860): author and naturalist
  • John Galsworthy (1867; d.1933): English novelist, playwright, and 1932 Nobel prize winner, who wrote The Forsyte Saga (1906-1922), made into a BBC film in 1968; two-time Pulitzer Prize winner Russell Baker, born in Virginia, editorial writer for the New York Times, and author of the memoir Growing Up
  • William Kittredge (1932): westerns writer, born in Portland, Oregon
  • Alfred Corn (1943): Georgia-born poet


15th

  • Luigi Pulci (1432): Italian poet
  • Sir Walter Scott (1771): Scottish novelist and poet
  • Thomas De Quincey (1785; d.1859): English writer whose Confessions of an English Opium-Eater (1822) is his most popular work
  • Edna Ferber (1887): Michigan writer
  • T[homas] E[dward] Lawrence (1888; d. 1935): Welsh soldier and writer, "Lawrence of Arabia"
  • Louise Shivers (1929): novelist and librarian, born in North Carolina
  • Garry Disher (1949): Australian/American writer, best known for his children's book, The Bamboo Flute
  • Mary Jo Salter (1954): Michigan-born poet


16th

  • Jules Laforgue (1860; d.1887 of tuberculosis): French symbolist poet and short story writer (born Montevideo, Uruguay)
  • Hugo Gernsback (1884): sci-fi writer
  • Georgette Heyer (1902): British Regency novelist
  • Wallace Thurman (1902): Harlem Renaissance writer (born Salt Lake City, Utah)
  • William Maxwell (1908): Illinois-born novelist, short story writer, and editor at The New Yorker
  • Beatrice Schenk de Regniers (1914): prolific children's author , born in Indiana and winner of the 1965 Caldecott Award
  • Charles Bukowski (1920): German-born American poet


17th

  • Charlotte Lottie Forten (1837/1838?; d.1914): Philadelphia-born African-American diarist, poet, and essayist aka Miss C.L.F., best known for her posthumously published The Journal of Charlotte L. Forten: A Free Negro in the Slave Era (1953)
  • Wilfrid Scawen Blunt (1840): English writer
  • Marcus (Moziah) Garvey [Jr.] (1887; d.1940): Jamaican essayist, editor, journalist, and poet, who founded the back-to-Africa movement among African and West Indian Americans
  • John Hawkes (1925): Connecticut-born poet, playwright, and writer of avant garde novels
  • (Edward James) Ted Hughes (1930): English poet laureate
  • V[idiadhar] S[urajprasad] Naipaul (1932): Trinidad-born British novelist and essayist, who won the 2001 Nobel Prize for Literature


18th

  • Elsa Morante (1916): Italian history writer
  • Alain Robbe-Grillet (1922): French novelist, film writer, and film director
  • Sonia Levitin (1934): Berlin-born American children's author
  • Paula Danziger (1944): Washington, D.C. native and children's author (The Cat Ate My Gymsuit, the Amber Brown books, others)


19th

  • Samuel Richardson (1689): English novelist
  • Charles Montagu Doughty (1843; d.1926): traveler and English writer in the Elizabethan style, whose observations on Arabia and Arab life are the subject of his Travels in Arabia Deserta (1888)
  • Minna Canth (1844): Finnish novelist and dramatist
  • Edith Nesbit (1858): British children's writer
  • Ogden Nash (1902): American light verse writer
  • James Gould Cozzens (1903): novelist and Pulitzer Prize winner
  • Josephine Jacobsen (1908): Canadian writer
  • Ring Lardner, Jr. (1915; d.2000): American screenwriter, publicist, and journalist, son of well-known humorist Ring W. Lardner, Sr.


20th

  • H[oward] P[hillips] Lovecraft (Aug. 20, 1890 - Mar. 15, 1937): U.S. Gothic (or supernatural) novelist
  • Salvatore Quasimodo (Aug. 20, 1901 - 1968): Italian poet/critic/translator and winner of Nobel Prize 1959
  • Edgar A. Guest (1881): Poet and newsman from Michigan (born Birmingham, England)
  • Jacqueline Susann (1921; d.1974): popular novelist, who wrote the immensely popular Valley of the Dolls; Arizona-born children's author Sue Alexander (1933)
  • Lionel G. Garcia (1935): Mexican-American novelist, playwright, and short story writer
  • Heather McHugh (1948): California native and poet
  • Kevin Baker (1958): New Jersey-born novelist
  • Deidre Madden (1960): Irish novelist, whose first book, Hidden Symptoms won Ireland's literary award, the Rooney Prize.


21st

  • X.J. Kennedy (1929): New Jersey native and poet, aka Joseph Charles Kennedy
  • Gennady Nikolaevich Aygi (1934; d. 2006): Russian (born Chuvash) poet
  • Mart Crowley (1935): Mississippi-born playwright, best known for his play Boys in the Band
  • Robert Stone (1937): Brooklyn native, whose novel Dog Soldiers (1974) won the National Book Award


22nd

  • Dorothy Parker (1893-1967), American short story writer/poet/critic and wit
  • Ray Bradbury (1920-), U.S. Science Fiction Writer
  • E. Annie Proulx (1935): Connecticut-born novelist, short story writer, and how-to writer
  • Colm Tóibín (1955): Dublin-born novelist

23rd

  • Blei, Norbert (1935): essayist and poet, Chicago-born
  • Cunningham, J. V. (1911): Maryland poet
  • Geikie, James (1839–1915): Scottish geologist
  • Henley, William Ernest (1849; d.1903): English poet, critic, and editor, famous for the poem "Invictus" (in Book of Verses, 1888)
  • Irwin, Robert (1946): British novelist, author of the comic novel, The Limits of Vision (1986), in which a London housewife holds imaginary conversations with Da Vinci, Dickens, and Darwin, on the subject of dust balls and dirt
  • Masters, Edgar Lee (1869): Kansan poet, playwright and novelist, author of Spoon River Anthology
  • Russell, Willy (1947): English playwright, who wrote Shirley Valentine and Educating Rita, among others
  • Thon, Melanie Rae (1957): novelist and short story writer from Montana

24th

  • Beerbohm, Sir Max (1872; d.1956): English essayist, novelist, caricaturist, critic, and wit, born London of Lithuanian parents
  • Borges, Jorge Luis (Aug. 24, 1899 - June 14, 1986): Argentine fiction writer and essayist
  • Cowley, Malcolm (1898): U.S. literary critic, historian, editor, poet and essayist
  • Drabble, Antonia Susan (1936): British novelist A.S. Byatt born , who won Britain's Booker Prize in 1991
  • Hal G. Evarts (1887-1934), American writer
  • Garvice, Charles (1850 - 1 March 1920): British romance writer
  • Herrick, Robert (1591): English poet
  • Rhys, Jean (1890): West Indian writer aka Ella Gwendolyn Rees Williams
  • Williams, Mason (1938): U.S. poet, scriptwriter, and Smothers Brothers show comedy writer (and the composer of "Classical Gas")

25th

  • Bret Harte (1839; d.1902): New York-born journalist, editor and poet, born Francis Brett Hart, whose tales and ballads are noted for their humour and Western color
  • Brian Moore (1921): Irish novelist
  • Charles Wright (1935): Tennessee-born poet, who won the Pulitzer Prize for his poetry collection Black Zodiac
  • Charles Ghigna aka Father Goose (1946): poet and children's author


26th

  • Sir John Buchan (1875): Scottish writer
  • Guillaume Apollinaire (1880): French poet and movie critic (born in Rome)
  • Earl Biggers (1884): creator of Charlie Chan, Ohio-born
  • Jules Romains (1885): French novelist/dramatist/poet
  • Christopher Isherwood (1904): English novelist and playwright
  • Julio Cortázar (1914): Argentine novelist and poet, born Brussels,
  • Elizabeth Brewster (1922): prolific Canadian novelist, short-story writer, and poet, born in New Brunswick
  • Barbara Ehrenreich (1941): Montana-born political journalist, essayist, historian


27th

  • Confucius (551 BC) aka K'ung-fu-tzu: Chinese philosopher and writer (born in Lu), who wrote the Analects (Lun Yu) and other Chinese classics
  • Theodore Dreiser (1871; d.1945): American novelist and newspaper writer (born Indiana), who wrote Sister Carrie (1900) and An American Tragedy (1925), considered his finest novel
  • C.S. Forester (1899): Horatio Hornblower creator
  • Ira Levin (1929): novelist
  • Antonia Fraser (1932): mystery writer, historian, and biographer
  • William Least Heat Moon (1939): born in Kansas City as William Lewis Trogdon, author of Blue Highways and other books about place;


28th

  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749; d.1832): German dramatist, poet, and novelist, and author of "Faust," (1770 and 1831)
  • Leo Tolstoy (1828): Russian author, wrote War and Peace, Anna Karenina, others
  • Bruno Bettelheim (1903; d.1990): U.S. sociologist and writer
  • Sir John Betjeman (1906): British poet
  • Janet Frame (1924): New Zealand novelist
  • Rita Dove (1952): Ohio native and poet, winner of the 1987 Pulitzer Prize


29th

  • Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809; d.1894): Massachusetts physician, essayist, poet, and novelist, whose poem "Old Ironsides" (1830) is responsible for saving the historic ship Constitution, and who co-founded the Atlantic Monthly magazine
  • Anna Ella Carroll (1815): Maryland-born writer, propagandist, and author of Lincoln's "War Powers of the President"
  • Maurice Maeterlinck (1862): Belgian poet and Nobel Prize winner Count
  • Valery Nicolas Larbaud (1881): French novelist and translator
  • Preston Sturges (1898): Chicago-born screenwriter, director and playwright
  • Thom Gunn (1929): English poet
  • Sue Harrison (1950): Michigan-born novelist, who's written a Native American trilogy


30th

  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797): English writer and Frankenstein creator
  • Elizabeth Longford (1906): British biographer


31st

  • (Pierre Jules) Théophile Gautier (1811; d.1872): French romantic poet, novelist, critic, and travel book writer
  • DuBose Heyward (1885): Novelist and author of Porgy, on which "Porgy and Bess" was based
  • William Shawn (1907): born in Chicago and one of the great editors of the The New Yorker (1952-1987)
  • William Saroyan (1908): U.S. novelist and playwright