Old Texts Proofreading Tutorial, Page 2

Usage of u/v and i/j

In the 1600s and before, the letters u, v, i, and j were used differently than they are today. Often v was used only at the beginning of a word, while u was used in the middle and end, as in these words: vpon, vntil, haue, giue. In addition, usually i was used where we have a j today: iudge, obiect. The letter j may occur in Roman numerals, though, such as iij. In capital letters, there usually was no U or J; only V and I were used.

Unless the Project Manager gives special instructions to the contrary, proofread these just the way they appear in the image. Do not modernize the spelling.


These are some examples of ampersands (&) in different fonts:

& & & &

As in many books through the 1800s, the phrase et cetera may be abbreviated as &c. rather than the modern etc. Leave it as the author wrote it.

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