Basic Proofreading Tutorial, Step 2

Paragraph Spacing/Indenting

Put a blank line before the start of a paragraph, even if it starts at the top of a page. You should not indent the start of the paragraph, but if it is already indented don't bother removing those spaces—that can be done automatically during post-processing.

End-of-line Dashes

As with end-of-line hyphenation, if an em-dash appears at the start or end of a line of your OCR'd text, join it with the other line so that there are no spaces or line breaks around it. See the examples below.


Em-dashes & long dashes. These serve as separators between words—sometimes for emphasis like this—or when a speaker gets a word caught in his throat——!
Proofread these as two hyphens if the dash is as long as 2-3 letters (an em-dash) and four hyphens if the dash is as long as 4-5 letters (a long dash). Don't leave a space before or after, even if it looks like there was a space in the original book image.

Original Image: Correctly Proofread Text:
sensations—sweet, bitter, salt, and sour
—if even all of these are simple tastes. What
sensations--sweet, bitter, salt, and sour--if
even all of these are simple tastes. What
senses—touch, smell, hearing, and sight—
with which we are here concerned,
senses--touch, smell, hearing, and sight--with
which we are here concerned,
how a--a--cannon-ball goes----"

End-of-page Hyphenation and Dashes

Proofread end-of-page hyphens or em-dashes by leaving the hyphen or em-dash at the end of the last line, and mark it with a * after the hyphen or dash.

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Distributed Proofreaders was founded in 2000 by Charles Franks to support the digitization of Public Domain books. Originally conceived to assist Project Gutenberg (PG), Distributed Proofreaders (DP) is now the main source of PG e-books. In 2002, Distributed Proofreaders became an official PG site. In May 2006, Distributed Proofreaders became a separate legal entity and continues to maintain a strong relationship with PG.