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Ligatures Proofreading Tutorial, Page 1

The two ligatures æ and œ can be difficult to distinguish when they are printed italics. However, the œ (oe) ligature is usually rounder at the top, while the 'a' of æ is more teardrop-shaped. For example:

Ͼ
oe ligature ae ligature

The æ ligature is in Latin-1 (the character set that we use for proofreading), so we normally proofread it using the symbol directly. On the other hand, the œ ligature is not, so we proofread it with brackets like this: [oe]

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